Outcomes of dostarlimab versus chemotherapy in post-platinum patients with recurrent/advanced endometrial cancer

Aug 23, 2023 | Publications, Published 2023

Home » Publications » Outcomes of dostarlimab versus chemotherapy in post-platinum patients with recurrent/advanced endometrial cancer

Goulden S, Heffernan K, Sen Nikitas F, et al. Outcomes of dostarlimab versus chemotherapy in post-platinum patients with recurrent/advanced endometrial cancer: data from the GARNET trial and the National Cancer Registration Service in England. International Journal of Gynecologic Cancer. 2023;33:1715-1723.

Objectives Immune checkpoint inhibitors have emerged as novel treatment options in patients with endometrial cancer. In this study we aimed to compare the survival outcomes of patients with recurrent or advanced endometrial cancer. These patients had received dostarlimab after platinum-based chemotherapy in the single-arm, Phase I GARNET trial. We compared them with a matched indirect real-world cohort. Methods The real-world cohort was established using National Cancer Registration and Analysis Service data, with five treatment-specific real-world sub-cohorts identified. To compare clinical outcomes between the GARNET trial and real-world cohorts, we performed matching-adjusted indirect comparisons. We used prognostic variables to create matching scenarios, including scenario 1 that incorporated grade, histology, and platinum-based chemotherapy number; scenario 2 that considered histology and platinum-based chemotherapy number; and scenario 3 that included race/ethnicity, stage at diagnosis, histology, and prior surgery. Overall survival was defined as the time between the first dostarlimab dose or second-line real-world treatment and death. Adjusted hazard ratios for matching-adjusted indirect comparisons were estimated via weighted Cox proportional-hazards models. Progression-free survival, using time-to-next treatment as a proxy for real-world cohorts, was summarized descriptively. Results Distribution of baseline characteristics that were matched was similar between the GARNET cohort (n=153) and the real-world cohort (n=999). The most common International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage in both cohorts was stage III/IV (n=88; 57.5% and n=778; 77.9%, respectively), with endometroid histology predominating in the GARNET cohort (n=121; 79.1%) and non-endometrioid the predominant form in the real-world cohort (n=575; 57.6%). The median overall survival for dostarlimab was longer (range 27.1–40.5 months [95% confidence interval (CI) 6.4–non-estimable and 19.4–non-estimable]) both before and after matching for all scenarios compared with the real-world cohort (10.3 months). Across all matching scenarios, patients in the GARNET cohort had a decreased risk of death, with a HR for overall survival of 0.32 (p<0.0001) before matching, as compared with the overall real-world cohort and most treatment-specific real-world cohorts. For all three scenarios, progression-free survival rates at 12 and 18 months were higher for patients on dostarlimab compared with the real-world cohort (0.48 and 0.43 respectively before matching in the GARNET cohort vs 0.28 and 0.16 respectively in the real-world cohort; using time to next treatment as proxy). The effective sample size for scenario 1 was low when compared with the other scenarios (scenario 1: n=18; scenario 2: n=62; scenario 3: n=67). Conclusion In this adjusted indirect dataset, patients with recurrent/advanced mismatch repair deficient/microsatellite instability-high endometrial cancer post-platinum-based chemotherapy who received dostarlimab in the GARNET trial had significantly improved overall survival compared with patients receiving current second-line treatment in England.

Share This